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Equipment needed for Kidney Dialysis

Updated: Aug 21, 2023


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Several specialized medical equipment and supplies are needed for kidney dialysis. The specific equipment required may vary depending on the type of dialysis (hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis) and the treatment setting (in-center dialysis or home dialysis). Here is an overview of the main equipment used in kidney dialysis:


Hemodialysis Equipment:

  • Hemodialysis Machine: A device that controls and monitors the dialysis process. It pumps and monitors the flow of blood and dialysate, monitors vital signs, and incorporates safety features.

  • Dialyzer (Artificial Kidney): A filter within the hemodialysis machine that removes waste products and excess fluid from the blood.

  • Blood Access: Vascular access points, such as arteriovenous fistulas, grafts, or central venous catheters, allow the safe withdrawal and return of blood during dialysis sessions.

  • Bloodlines and Tubing: Sterile tubes that connect the patient's vascular access to the dialyzer and the hemodialysis machine.

  • Dialysate Delivery System: A system that prepares and delivers dialysate, a special solution that helps remove waste and excess fluid from the blood.

  • Dialysis Solution Delivery System: A system used in some types of dialysis (e.g., continuous renal replacement therapy) to deliver specific solutions for fluid balance and electrolyte management.

  • Dialysis Chair or Bed: A specialized chair or bed designed for patient comfort during hemodialysis treatment.

Peritoneal Dialysis Equipment:

  • Peritoneal Dialysis Catheter: A soft, flexible tube that is surgically inserted into the peritoneal cavity to allow the introduction and removal of dialysate during peritoneal dialysis.

  • Dialysate Solution Bags: Sterile bags containing the dialysate solution, which is warmed and infused into the peritoneal cavity.

  • Dialysis Cycler (for Automated Peritoneal Dialysis): A machine that automatically controls the timing and delivery of dialysate exchanges during automated peritoneal dialysis.

  • Manual Peritoneal Dialysis Supplies: This includes manual techniques, such as gravity-assisted exchanges or manual peritoneal dialysis, which involve manually draining and filling the peritoneal cavity using sterile supplies like bags, clamps, and transfer sets.


In addition to these primary equipment items, there are various other supplies and consumables required for both hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis, such as dialysis solution bags, sterile drapes, dressing supplies, disinfectants, needles (for hemodialysis), gloves, masks, and other personal protective equipment.


It's important to note that the specific equipment and supplies needed for kidney dialysis should be determined and provided by the healthcare facility or dialysis provider. Patients and caregivers receive training and education on the proper use and maintenance of the equipment related to their dialysis treatment.


Contact WONACE Medical Equipment & Supply for all supplies needed to help you achieve all these essentials.


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