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Kidney Dialysis

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Kidney dialysis, also known as renal dialysis, is a medical procedure that helps remove waste products and excess fluids from the blood when the kidneys can no longer perform this function effectively. It is a life-saving treatment for individuals with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) or acute kidney failure.

The kidneys play a crucial role in filtering waste and excess fluid from the blood, maintaining electrolyte balance, and regulating blood pressure. When the kidneys fail, harmful substances can accumulate in the body, leading to serious health complications. Dialysis serves as an artificial replacement for kidney function, providing a means to filter and cleanse the blood.

There are two main types of kidney dialysis:

  1. Hemodialysis: In hemodialysis, blood is drawn from the patient's body and directed into a dialysis machine through a surgically created access point, typically vascular access (such as an arteriovenous fistula or graft) or a central venous catheter. Inside the machine, the blood flows through specialized filters called dialyzers or artificial kidneys. These filters remove waste products, excess fluids, and toxins from the blood. The filtered blood is then returned to the patient's body.

  2. Peritoneal Dialysis: Peritoneal dialysis involves using the peritoneal membrane, a thin membrane lining the abdominal cavity, as a natural filter. A catheter introduces a cleansing solution called dialysate into the peritoneal cavity. The dialysate absorbs waste products and excess fluids from the blood vessels surrounding the peritoneal membrane. After a dwell time, during which the waste products are exchanged, the used dialysate is drained out, and fresh dialysate is introduced for the next cycle.

Both hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis require regular sessions to effectively maintain the body's balance of fluids and waste products. The frequency and duration of dialysis sessions depend on factors such as the individual's overall health, residual kidney function, and the prescribed treatment plan.

While dialysis is a life-sustaining treatment, it is not a cure for kidney failure. Patients undergoing dialysis may need to make dietary modifications, adhere to fluid restrictions, and manage medications to control complications associated with kidney disease. Additionally, kidney transplantation may be considered a long-term solution for some individuals, offering a more complete restoration of kidney function.

Dialysis plays a crucial role in improving the quality of life and extending survival for individuals with kidney failure. It allows patients to continue their daily activities while managing their condition. However, it is important for patients to work closely with their healthcare team to ensure proper adherence to treatment and address any concerns or complications that may arise.

Contact WONACE Medical Equipment & Supply for all supplies needed to help you achieve all these essentials.


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